Spring 1999 Undergraduate Fellowships
The Hawai'i Space Grant Consortium awarded
undergraduate fellowships in the Spring of 1999 to students at the University
of Hawai`i at Manoa and Hilo, and Community Colleges. At Manoa and Hilo, the
awards were given for space-related research and provided a stipend of
$3000 per semester to each recipient. At the Community Colleges, Fellows received
stipends that depended on the scope of the projects.
University of Hawai'i at Manoa:
University of Hawai`i at Hilo:
- Robert Tomasetti, a senior in Zoology, will work with mentor, Dr. Marlin Atkinson of the Department of Oceanography, on "Analyzing Reflective Spectra of Corals for Use in Remote Sensing." Robert will use High Performance Liquid Chromatography on coral pigments. This work has practical applications to mapping the distribution of species along reef zones with remote sensing data.
- Gregory Kodani, a junior in Electrical Engineering, is continuing his project to improve power and efficiency of millimeter-wave-frequency remote sensing systems. Gregory's project is titled, "MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System) Variable Capacitors." His mentor is Dr. Jung-Chih Chiao of the Department of Electrical Engineering.
- David Ishimitsu, a junior majoring in Mathematics, will continue his work with mentor, Dr. Brent Tully of the Department of Astromony, on "Mapping the Universe." David's project will produce a three-dimensional map of our Local Supercluster of galaxies which may lead to better understanding of the mass distribution and large-scale structure of the universe. Final Report
- Kristi Arakaki, a senior in Biology and Accounting, will be researching an aspect of astronaut fitness: collision-avoidance ability. Kristi's project, titled "Crash Avoidance in Virtual Space: Age Differences in Emergency Evasive Maneuvers" will utilize a computer-based driving simulator. Performed under the guidance of mentor Dr. Max Vercruyssen of the Department of Medicine, Kristi's work will contribute to a better understanding of what characterizes peak performances of time-critical maneuvers. Final Report
- Megaan Clark, a junior in Biology, will work with mentor, Dr. Max Vercruyssen of the Department of Medicine, on assessing the abilities of individuals to react quickly to environmental stimuli, especially as applied to fitness for astronaut duty. Megaan's project, titled "Elder Astronaut: Development of a Fitness for Duty Test Battery" will relate a person's time perception, movement speed, coordination, and information processing skills to his or her fitness to pilot spacecraft.
- Andrew Guyette, a senior in Electrical Engineering, will continue to work with mentor Dr. Wayne Shiroma of the Department of Electrical Engineering on the use of quasi-optical techniques to ultimately define a single antenna capable of both high-gain and low-gain operation in space. Andrews's project is titled "Quasi-Optical Power Amplifier." Final Report
- Kimo Marion, a junior in Biosystems Engineering, will continue to investigate the effectiveness of marine algae species in enhancing a closed-environment life support system for space habitats. Working under the direction of mentor Dr. Loren Gautz of the Department of Biosystems Engineering, Kimo's project title is "A CELSS Simulator to Evaluate Marine Algae for Space Research." Final Report
- Leon Geschwind, a junior in Global Environmental Science, will work with mentor, Dr. Luke Flynn of the Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, using GOES thermal data (from the NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites) to study volcanic activity on Earth. Leon's project, titled, "Monitoring Real Time Volcanic Events" will also assess the utility of monitoring heat signatures of volcanoes as a predictive tool for eruptions.
- William Forsyth, a senior in Electrical Engineering, will continue his project aimed at improving bandwidth efficiency of radio wave transmissions in space with a new equalizer design. William's research, titled "High Frequency Transmission Line Equalizer" is being conducted under mentor Dr. Wayne Shiroma of the Department of Electrical Engineering. Final Report
- Kevin Magnuson, a senior in Chemistry, will work on the synthesis and kinetic analysis of sodium aluminum hydride compounds in his project titled, "Hydrogen Storage for Spacecraft." Under the direction of mentor, Dr. Craig Jensen of the Department of Chemisry, Kevin's research is important to the development of new, on-board hydrogen storage systems to be used for spacecraft fuel. Final Report
Windward Community College:
- Susie Shaw, a senior in Geology, is continuing a study of spectral reflectance data on Kilauea Volcano. Susie's project, titled, "Field Determination of Visible to Near IR Spectral Characteristics of Basaltic Surfaces and Sulfur Mineral Coatings: Application of Natural Spectra to Remote Sensing to Io" is guided by mentor Dr. Ken Hon of the Department of Geology.
- Joanne Snow, a senior in Chemistry, will be working with mentor Dr. Edward Herlicska of the Department of Chemistry on fullerene chemistry, which is important to studies of carbon in extraterrestrial materials. Joanne will aim to synthesize known and new derivatives of fulleride C 60 in a project titled, " Synthesis and Characterization of Buckminsterfullerene Derivatives."
- Jessica Powers, a junior in Astronomy, will continue to acquire observations on Mauna Kea and study the initial stages of star formation. Jessica's project, titled "High-Resolution Imaging/Modelling of Circumstellar Disks" will be performed under mentor Dr. Gerald Moriarty-Schieven of the Joint Astronomy Centre.
- Kimberly Andersen, a Geology major, will be working with mentor, Dr.Floyd McCoy of the Geology Department, on a study of sand composition and size distribution in Kaneohe Bay, O'ahu in relation to airborne remote sensing data. Kimberly will use GPS to record site locations. The title of her project is, "Determining the Correlations Between Hyperspectral Images and Sand Size as well as Chemical Composition."
- Thomas Young, an Ethnobotany major, will be working with mentor, Dr. Inge White of the Natural Sciences Department, on a project titled, "Aseptically Grown Vegetables for Consumption in Space." Thomas's project explores the application of tissue culture techniques in the farming of salad crops in small, enclosed environments such as the space station. Final Report
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Spring 1999 Undergraduate Traineeship Program
The Hawai'i Space Grant Consortium awarded undergraduate traineeships in the Spring of 1999 to students at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. The awards provided laboratory training and practical experience
in any space-related field of science, engineering or math. Trainees
received a stipend of $1,000 per semester.
University of Hawai`i at Manoa:
- Kristin Smith, a sophomore in Physics, will continue her analysis of data from Mauna Kea Observatories to characterize and determine orbits of small solar system bodies, especially asteroids. Working with mentor Dr. David Tholen of the Institute for Astronomy, Kristin is learning data reduction techniques and remote observing on the UH 0.6 meter telescope.
- Regina Hilo, a junior in Anthropology, will gain practical experience in using aerial photographs, remote sensing images, and survey reports to study ancient agricultural systems of the Kohala District, Hawai`i. Regina's mentor is Dr. Michael Graves of the Department of Anthropology.
- Elaine Lampitoc, a senior in Geology, will work with mentor, Dr. Scott Rowland of the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology to learn geologic interpretation techniques using a variety of remote sensing images of the cinder cones on Mauna Kea.
- Eric Taketatsu, a sophomore in Electrical Engineering, will be working in the field of telecommunications with mentor, Dr. Wayne Shiroma of the Department of Electrical Engineering. Eric will receive training on the fabrication and application of photonic-bandgap structures.
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Spring 1999 Graduate Fellowship Program
The Hawai`i Space Grant Consortium awarded graduate fellowships to two students at the University of Hawai'i, Manoa for 1998-99. The awards were given for space-related research and provided nine-month stipends and additional funds for travel and supplies to each recipient.
University of Hawai`i at Manoa:
- Julie Field, PhD student in Anthropology, is continuing her research on "The Role of Geography in Prehistoric Aggression." Julie is using digital image processing techniques on high-resolution, multispectral satellite images along with aerial photographs to build a database of topography, vegetation, and archaeological sites in the Sigatoka Valley of Viti Levu, Fiji. With this GIS database, she is analyzing relationships between geography, human expansion, and inter-group aggression and competition. Her mentor is Dr. Terry Hunt of the Department of Anthropology. Final Report
- Kathleen Moore, PhD student in Physiology, is continuing her investigation of the effects of sodium intake on bone morphometry, bone strength, and blood pressure. Her research project, "The Effect of Dietary Salt on Bone in a Genetically-Defined Rat Spaceflight Model," is being conducted under mentor Dr. Martin Rayner, Professor of Physiology. Kathleen's laboratory analyses may ultimately lead to better understanding of the effects of salt intake on human bone fragility and, in turn, improved health for astronauts on long-duration space missions. Final Report
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